Adrenal glands are two endocrine glands located at the back abdominal cavity (retroperitoneum) just above the kidneys. They produce a number of important hormones.
Conditions of Adrenal gland are detected in number of ways:
– Enlarged gland/nodule unexpectedly found in a radiological test of the abdomen (Incidentaloma)
– Investigation for cause of difficult to control high blood pressure and other clinical conditions such as Conn’s syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome, Pheochromocytoma
– Rarely, a large adrenal tumour causing abdominal symptoms such as pain
Surgery is required in the adrenal gland if a nodule is suspicious of a cancer or there is evidence of over production of hormones.
Laparoscopic adrenal Surgery
This is removal of adrenal gland using laparoscopic (key hole) approach. It is suitable for most of the conditions.
Open adrenal Surgery
This is removal of the adrenal gland by making a larger incision in the abdominal wall and is used dealing with cancers of the adrenal gland.